Major federal laws governing special education law:
The IDEA was reauthorized in 2004 and incorporates elements of the No Child Left Behind Act (“NCLB”) in order to ensure accountability, flexibility, better options for parents and families, and emphasis on improving student achievement. A child can only be protected under the IDEA after he or she has been determined eligible for special education and related services.
Section 504 of the Rehabilitation Act of 1973 is a broad civil rights law, which protects, and prohibits discrimination against, individuals with disabilities, solely by reason of their disability or disabilities. Discrimination can come in many forms, including, but not limited to, denial of services under, exclusion from participation under, inequality under, and harassment under any program or activity that receives Federal financial assistance or is conducted by any Executive agency.